Scholar Dale Allison has called the resurrection of Jesus the “prize puzzle” of New Testament scholarship. The foundations of the event, whatever they be, gave rise to undoubtedly the largest and most influential religion on earth, and thus its significance cannot be understated. This published work engages in a survey of literature from primarily the Third Quest for the Historical Jesus, which originated in the late 1970s and has continued to the present day. The results indicate that the majority of scholars agree with certain facts surrounding the alleged miracle, such as Jesus’s burial, empty tomb, and resurrection appearances (with varying degrees of certainty), which led to the unique belief that he had individually been raised from the dead. Various theories have been proposed, with the subjective hallucination/vision theory being the most popular among scholars. However, despite their varying levels of acceptance all of these theories have been heavily criticized, and none have reached significant consensus from either conservative or critical scholars. Despite hundreds of years of debate, the results are still inconclusive, although alternative theories have become more frequent in recent decades.
- Paper Presentation
- Ancient Historiography, Classical Antiquity, New Testament Studies, Religious Studies, Philosophy
With the rejection of traditional religious dogma, various methods and theories have been utilized to explain the historical origins behind Christianity and the chief miracle surrounding it, the resurrection of Jesus of Nazareth. The presentation will seek to explain contemporary hypotheses regarding the alleged miracle and their implications.