College students are exposed to a wide variety of stressors that may inhibit wellbeing. Mindfulness reduces the body’s default to intense sympathetic nervous system responses. I conducted the following research study as one component of my Honors Project to examine the biological and psychological implications of students enrolled in a three-credit-hour mindfulness course offered during the Fall 2018 and Spring 2019 semesters at Bowling Green State University. Specifically, measurements of blood pressure, breathing rate, and heart rate were recorded before and after the in-class meditation period several days throughout the semester. Moreover, students completed the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire to assess any changes in the facets of act with awareness, describe, non-judge, non-react, and observe while enrolled in the class. ANOVAs indicate that there was a significant decrease in breathing rate for both semesters and heart rate for the Spring 2019 semester (p < 0.05). In addition, the facets of non-react and observe significantly increased for both semesters (p < 0.05). Therefore, these results suggest that mindfulness meditation had positive implications for college students enrolled in the course. Suggestions are offered for future studies to further examine the long-term effects of mindfulness practices maintained by college students.
Students enrolled in a “Mindfulness Practice” course at Bowling Green State University were recruited to participate in a research study to investigate the effects of mindfulness meditation on blood pressure, breathing rate, and heart rate. Additionally, Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaires were completed to examine the psychological effects of this class.
- Biology and Psychology